An agreement signed by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan in the Soviet city of Tashkent to end the Second Indo-Pakistan War on Kashmir. The two countries agreed not only to withdraw their troops from the territory of the other region and to recover their prisoners of war, but also to begin to normalize their diplomatic relations. Unfortunately, the beginning of Indo-Pakistani friendly relations was made more difficult by Shastri`s death a few hours after the signing of the agreement. The agreement has done little to ease the deep hostility between the two countries since independence in 1947 and did not prevent the outbreak of new hostilities in 1970. II The Indian Prime Minister and the President of Pakistan agreed that all armed personnel from both countries would be withdrawn by 25 February 1966 from their pre-August 5, 1965 positions, and both sides would abide by ceasefire conditions. The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement between India and Pakistan, signed on 10 January 1966, which resolved the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war. Peace was achieved on 23 September by the intervention of the external powers that pushed the two nations to the truce, lest the conflict intensify and attract other powers.   After the independence of British rule, India remained a permanent threat to Pakistan`s security when congressional leaders soon began to reverse the division. India illegally conquered many areas of Pakistan by hooks or crooks and one of these controversial territories was the state of Kashmir. The first war for Kashmir took place in 1947-1948. The Second War took place in 1965 because of the same question, which was expressive of the inherent hostility between the neighbours. The war began on September 6, when India took Pakistan by crossing the international border in the darkness of the night.
In seventeen days, thousands of people have been deployed on both sides of the Earth. The United States and the Soviet Union have forced the United Nations to play its part in the peaceful settlement and to compel it to resolve all problems between the two countries amicably, as war undermines world peace.